Optics and Lasers in Medicine

There are some surgical operations that are perplexing to perform with the conventional scalpel. Initial trials with laser beam showed that a finely focused beam from a carbon dioxide gas laser could cut through human tissue effortlessly and neatly. The surgeon could direct the beam from any angle by using a mirror attached on a movable metal arm. Therefore, now a day’s laser beam is the most desirable tool which is used as a standby for the conventional blade to perform difficult surgeries. Lasers were considered as most effective in operating on parts that are easy to reach-areas on the body's exterior, including the ears, skin, mouth, eyes and nose. But in recent years doctors have established the remarkable progress in emerging laser techniques for use in internal exploration and surgery. For illustration lasers are gradually used to clean plaque from people's arteries.

  • Track 1-1 Laser Tissue Interaction
  • Track 2-2 Laser Micro and Nano surgery
  • Track 3-3 Optical Coherence Tomography
  • Track 4-4 Laser Digital Interferometry and Holography
  • Track 5-5 Laser Speckle Imaging Methods

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